Nadia Calviño, Second Vice-President and Minister for Economy and Digitalization since March 2021, holds a degree in Economics (1991) from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain) and a degree in Law (2001) from the Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED). In 1994, she joined the Spanish public administration as member of the corps of State Economist and Trade Experts (Técnicos Comerciales y Economistas del Estado), where she held different positions, including management roles, in the areas of foreign trade, macroeconomic analysis and forecasting, economic policy and competition.
Vice-President Calviño was Third Vice-President and Minister for Economy and Digitalization from 2020 to March 2021 and Minister for Economy and Business from 2018 to 2020. From 2014 to 2018, she was the Director General in charge of the Budget within the European Commission, which she joined in 2006. Previously, she held other senior management positions in the Commission: Deputy Director General with a special responsibility for Financial Services and Deputy Director General in the Directorate General for Competition with special responsibility for Mergers and Antitrust (including cartels).